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What is a Literature Review?

Literature reviews are often misrepresented. Many early-stage researchers believe that literature reviews are an easier way to be published than research articles; however, this is not necessarily true. If you are struggling to write research articles, consider getting my Scientific Research Paper Checklist below!

Instead, literature reviews fulfill an important role for both the writer and the reader. In this article, we are going to discuss the purpose of literature reviews, different types of literature reviews, and common misconceptions of literature reviews.

Purpose of Literature...

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How to Write Your Results Section of Your Scientific Paper

Uncategorized Mar 23, 2021

If you are working on writing a scientific paper, I know that writing your results section can be difficult. You may feel like you do not know what to write or how to talk about your data. When I first started writing results sections, I did not know how to dive into my results or how to not be repetitive.

Therefore, now that I have written and published many papers, I want to share how I write my results sections of my scientific papers! If you want access to my full process for writing and submitting research papers, get my Scientific Research Paper Checklist!

Make a Figure Outline First

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A Comprehensive Guide to T-Tests in Excel

data analysis statistics Mar 16, 2021

The t-test function in excel can be incredibly powerful. Without the coding necessary to operate Python or R, everyone can calculate the likelihood that two sets of data are actually different. This function has powered dissertations and scientific discoveries including my own! Unfortunately, many people still do not understand the t-test, how to use this function, or interpret the results of the function.

Through this article, we are going to examine each part of this function and prepare you to use the function to its fullest potential.

What Is a T-Test?

When you have two sets of...

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How To Know If You Should Leave Your PhD Program

The majority of Ph.D. students think about leaving during their time as graduate students.

Initially in graduate school, I felt like I didn’t have any control over my life. Every little setback made me feel like a complete failure. I felt like I didn’t belong in my Ph.D. program.

It seems impossible to be able to objectively look at your own progress while you are going through graduate school. Therefore, I want to share some advice if you are thinking about leaving your Ph.D. program.

Reasons I Wanted to Leave

If you are debating whether to leave or not, I want to share reasons...

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How to Find and Develop Endless Research Ideas

Every research project begins as a research idea. Therefore, to become a successful researcher, it is important to be able to develop research ideas.

Many people see the development of research ideas as something that only certain people can do; however, the truth is that the ability to develop research ideas is a skill. It takes time and practice to develop this skill. Asking others for topics and ideas does not allow you to build this skill set.

There are a few different ways to develop the skills of creating research ideas and with practice, you could develop new research ideas...

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Review Paper vs. Research Paper: Purpose, Structure, and Timeframe

Uncategorized Feb 23, 2021

Review papers and research papers play essential, but distinct roles in communicating scientific findings. As researchers, it is important to know the different ways to communicate your findings to the scientific community. There are three key differences between a review paper and a research paper: purpose, structure, and timeframe.


Review papers are a special type of paper that summarizes a body of research within a specific field. The purpose of a review is to give the background knowledge of a field and to tell a story of innovation within a specific field. In contrast, a...

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Abstract vs. Introduction: 3 Key Differences

Two essential components of any research paper are the abstract and introduction. However, when you are writing these pieces, it can be difficult to decipher how these sections differ.

Much of the same information should be included in both sections. However, the purpose, structure, and length of your abstract and introduction should be very different. In this post, we will dive into each of these differences to help you to write killer abstracts and introductions!


Abstracts and Introductions have fundamentally different purposes.


The purpose of your abstract is to give a...

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How to Write a Successful Research Proposal

In my first semester of graduate school, I wrote a research proposal for the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowships Program. I had no guidance on how to write a proposal for this very competitive fellowship program. Many websites seem to contradict each other on the guidance that they gave. Ultimately, I was unsuccessful at attaining the fellowship.

The next semester, after I had written multiple academic papers, I then applied for an NIH T-32 Predoctoral Fellowship. When I started working on my proposal, I felt like I had learned more about what I had done wrong on...

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Research Paper vs. Research Proposals: 3 Key Differences

Research Papers and proposals can be very difficult and frustrating to write. However, while they may create similar emotions, they are very different, and understanding these differences is important.

There are three important differences between research papers and proposals, which are the timeframe, purpose, and structure.

First, the time that you write a research paper and proposal is different. This is the difference that most people are aware of. For a research paper, you want to start writing this when you have finished all of the data collection. On the other hand, research...

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10 Tips for Success in Online Classes

Uncategorized Dec 13, 2020


With the current situation in the world, I know many classes are moving into an online format. While many basics of learning are the same between an in-person class and an online class, I believe that there are some specific tips for online learning that can help you be successful in this new format.

Know the Syllabus and Rules for Each Class

In in-person classes, the professor will often walk you through the syllabus and stress and expand the rules that are important to the professor. However, this is almost never the case for online classes.

The first thing you should do at the...

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